G: Geographical Location
Geographical Location - The Republic of Belarus (Belarus) is located in the middle of Europe, on the divide of the Baltic and Black Seas. The capital of Belarus is Minsk. Belarus borders Poland in the west, Lithuania in the northwest, Latvia and Russia in the north, Russia in the northeast and east, and Ukraine in the south. The total state border length is 2,969 km.
The area of Belarus is 207.6 thousand km2. It stretches for maximum 650 km from west to east and 560 km from north to south. Belarus ranks 13th in terms of the area among the European states and 6th among the CIS countries (following Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan). In Europe, Belarus is only second to Great Britain and Romania in the area, and its area is more than 2.2 times that of Portugal and Hungary and about 5 times that of the Netherlands and Switzerland.
The relief of Belarus is mostly flat and hilly, with a mean elevation above sea level being 160 meters. The highest elevation above sea level is 345 meters (the mount of Dzerzhinskaya, Dzerzhinsky District, Minsk Region). The lowest elevation above sea level is 80–90 meters (the valley of the Neman river, Grodno Region). The flat country offers favorable conditions for migration of the population, farming, construction of industrial enterprises, transportation and engineering communications, promotion of the tourism industry and recreation services.
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