Parliament - The Parliament — the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus — is a representative and legislative body.
The Parliament consists of two Chambers — the House of Representatives and the Council of the Republic, with the Constitution stipulating the composition and the procedure of forming the Chambers.
The House of Representatives consists of 110 deputies, elected on the basis of universal, free, equal, direct electoral suffrage by secret ballot. Any citizen of the Republic of Belarus who has reached the age of 21 years may be a deputy of the House of Representatives.
The Council of the Republic is the Chamber of territorial representation. 8 members of the Council of the Republic are elected from each Region (Oblast) and the city of Minsk by secret ballot at the meetings of deputies of Local Councils of base level. Eight members of the Council of the Republic are appointed by the President. Any citizen of the Republic of Belarus who has reached the age of 30 years and residing in the territory of the respective Region, Minsk city not less than 5 years may be a member of the Council of the Republic.
The sessions of Chambers are held separately. Each Chamber has its own Chairman, his/her Vice-Chairman who manages the sessions and standing order of the Chambers.
In accordance with the Constitution, the House of Representatives has the right to hear the report of the Prime Minister regarding the programme of the Government’s activity, to pass a vote of nonconfidence to the Government, as well as to consider the issue on confidence to the Government at the initiative of the Prime Minister. The House of Representatives calls elections of the President and accepts resignation of the President.
The Council of the Republic cancels the decisions of local Councils of Deputies not conforming to the legislation and also makes decision regarding the dissolution of the Local Council of Deputies in case the requirements of the legislation are regularly and grossly violated by it, as well as in other cases provided for by the law.
Any Bill, unless otherwise provided for by the Constitution, is debated initially in the House of Representatives and then in the Council of the Republic.
The Bill, except the cases provided for by the Constitution, becomes a law after it has been passed by the House of Representatives and approved by the Council of the Republic by a majority of votes of the total composition of each Chamber.
The Constitution embodies the right of the Council of the Republic to consider Decrees of the President on imposing the state of emergency, martial law, total or partial mobilisation and to make decision not later than 3 days after their submission.
The Parliament considers the issue of impeachment of the President.
The term of the Parliament is four years. The powers of the Parliament may be extended by law only in the event of a war.
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