M: Mineral Resources
Mineral Resources - About 30 types of minerals have been explored in Belarus (over 4,000 deposits and fields of mineral resources). Of them, potassium salts are most important, with the country holding one of the leading positions in Europe as regards their commercial deposits. Explored commercial resources of Mozyr, Davidov and Storobin deposits exceed 22 billion tons. The country is rich in nonmetallics, namely, granites, dolomites and dolomitized limestone, marl and chalk, low-melting and refractory clay, loam and sand and gravel materials. Raw materials for producing natural dyes are available (marsh iron ore, ochre, glauconite, etc.). Belarus has abundant resources of mineral water allowing for promotion of the construction of sanatoriums and spas and also the companies to sell and export mineral medical and table water.
63 sources have been explored with the total yield of 155,572 m3/day. Belarus has a sufficiently rich raw materials sources for production of construction materials.
Belarus has abundant peat fields, however, peat deposits are mainly exhausted as resource sources due to intensive extraction. Total geological resources are estimated at 4.4 billion tons. Currently, the resources being extracted amount to 600 million tons, while the remaining portion is located either within the boundaries of environmental zones or is the component of the national land reserves.
Sapropels form an important natural resource, with the reserves being estimated at 3 billion m3. An integrated utilization of peat and sapropel resources is of critical importance. Oil reserves are small and, therefore, production is low. Brown and slate coal deposits have been stricken in Belarus. In general, local fuel and energy resources, including associated gas and fuel wood may cover over 20% of the total domestic needs for fuel of the national economy in energy resources.
Available stock of mineral resources allows the future needs in potassium and table salt, lime and cement feedstock, refractory and ceramic clays, construction sand, sand-gravel material, facing stone to be fully met.
The farmland accounts for 43,9% of the country’s area, including the arable land — 26.8%. In Belarus, the per capita agricultural land area is 92 ha, including arable land area — 57 ha.
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